Diary of 1st Battalion Gordon Highlanders
With grateful thanks to Mrs Mary Cox (M.O.D) for all the hard work in documenting
this valuable history from the original diary
1914	Nov\Dec
1915	Jan  Feb  Mar  Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov  Dec
1916  	Jan  Feb  Mar  Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov  Dec
1917	Jan  Feb  Mar  Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov  Dec
1918	Jan  Feb  Mar  Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov  

1914		After the very heavy losses at Mons; Le Cateau; 1st Marne; Aisne; La Bassée
		and 1st Ypres, suffered during the first months of the Great War.  By late
		November 1914, the old British Army had virtually disappeared.

		The first winter 1914/1915 was relatively quiet, and saw a period of training,
		with the 1st Gordons joining its brigade at Locres on 2nd December 1914.
		Drafts were arriving to bring the battalion up to strength, with Territorial
		battalions sent out from the UK, towards the end of 1914.

		1st Gordons on 14th December 1914 were engaged in an operation at Messives
		Ridge with 8th Brigade, and again lost heavily.

1915	        Into the New Year the 1st Gordons were in billets at Westoutre and Locres, later
	 	in trenches at Vierstraat with shelling and some casualties.  Later at La Clytte, 
Westoutre	in billets, drafts arrived to augment strength, some 200 NCOs and men, including
		3rd Battalion, and reservists amounting to a further 160 men.

La Clytte	Quiet spell in trenches, alternating in billets, further draft of 166 men joined
		27th January 1915, with very little training.  Intermittent shelling.

		February 1915, Blue Balmoral bonnets issued replacing the Glengarry, but not
		to be worn in trenches until Khaki covers arrived; too conspicuous.  Relieved
		by the 2nd Suffolks, and alternating trenches and billets during month with
		casualties, with this battalion.  

		March saw further alternating relief at billets, with trenches near Vierstraat,
		with casualties from shelling.  Later relieved by 1st Royal Scots and Suffolks,
		with Bn relieving Camerons 18th March at Vierstraat.  Losses of two and three 
		men from snipers and shelling.

		April continued with occupation of trenches north of Vierstraat; relieved by
		Worcestershire Regt.  Back in billets at La Clytte.  Mid April, quiet virtually
		no casualties.  Half Bn in billets and half in trenches, quiet continued until
		22nd April, first reports of gas being used.  Month ended as before, few casualties.

		May began quietly, heavy shelling on 6th, killed 3 and wounded 5.  By the 11th May,
		Brigade was ordered to relieve 13th Brigade in front of Hill 60. Bn relieved South
		Lancs; many rifles and equipment found, left by West Riding Regt due to gassing,
		many corpses; cleaning up carried out.  By mid-May patrols carried out at Hill 60,
		with bombing continuing and parapets blown in.  Relieved by Dorsets on 20th, marched back
		to billets at La Clytte.  Preparations leading up to 2nd Ypres begin, with Bn engaged
		in trench work at Hooge, and quiet conditions at night.  Some shelling in mornings.

		June began with very heavy shelling, with 22 men killed and 46 wounded.  Later
		conditions quieter and relieved by 2nd Suffolks on 7th/8th.  Bivouac at
		Poperinghe/Vlanmertinghe.  Ypres heavily damaged.  15th June attack began after 
		bombardment at 3 am by 5 am German trenches captured.

		June 15th, respirators were used, proved quite effective, 16th saw many wounded in
		trenches, sent back under cover.  Bn HQ and C and D companies heavily shelled,
		about 80 casualties suffered.  17th, relieved by KRR (New Army) more gas shells used by Germans.
		June 18th, returned to Bivouac at Brandhook, losses by the 20th June
		totalled 126.  Remainder of month at Brandlock with games, route marches, concert
		in evening of 26th June; 27th Church parade.  Last day at Poperinghe, Baths!

		July.  First days at Brandlock; relieved the 2nd Royal Irish Rifles on 12/13th July
		at Hooge, Ypres salient.  In trenches at Hooge, mortars fired with some casualties

		Sniper forts set up, good results with Express Rifle, enemy snipers loopholes targeted.
		18th July, relieved by 4th Middlesex Regt and returned to bivouac, but ordered back
		to Ypres ramparts to deliver bombs to front trenches at Hooge.  Attack delivered by
		Middlesex and 1st Bn Grenadiers snipers, and machine gunners.  Some losses,
		but attack successful.  Bn returned to trenches, some shelling for further 3 or 4
		days, and some losses; relieved by 7th Rifle Brigade 22nd July.  Bivouac, and
		return to trenches after 2 days, balance of July at Verbrandenholen with relative quiet.
		August 1915 began quietly, relieved by 4th Gordons 3/4th August, at Verbrandenholen.
		General Allenby inspected 1st Bn at Oudendown in bivouac, delivered great speech
		of thanks.  DCM awarded Pte P McKay for Gallantry on 19th July at Hooge; attempt to
		present ribbon to Private McKay by Major General Haldane CO 3rd Division on 10th August
		fails, McKay failed to show up!!  Relieved 4th Bn 10/11th in trenches Square 134C.  
		Continuous occupation of trenches through to 23rd, relieved by Sherwood Fusiliers.  Some
		damage and casualties suffered during those days.  Back to Oududown bivouac for 
		remainder of month.
		September.  Bivouac at Farm 119C 0.3.  Inspected by Genera Herbert Plummer Commanding 2nd
		Army, very complimentary of appearance of men.  Battalion took deliver of Khaki
		Balmoral Bonnets to which was added a rosette of Gordon tartan and regimental cap badge.
		Moved bivouac; again heavy rain very difficult move, very poor conditions and dreadful
		accommodation with canvas sheets and waterproof sheets.  DCM ribbon presented to L/Sgt
		W Smith, for conspicuous gallantry on 16th August for rescuing 2/Lt Webster wounded on
		patrol enemies wire emplacements.  

		Return to trenches at Hooge, relieved 3rd Worcesters; 12th September.  Heavy bombardment
		by our artillery following three or four days, with enemy responding.  Return to farm
		H.13D.55 for rest, relieved by 3rd Worcesters on 18th.  Substantial work carried
		out on trenches.  On 22nd September Lord Kitchener inspected brigade (2nd Royal Scots,
		1st and 4th Gordons) delivered speech.  Returned to Hooge trenches, relieved 3rd Worcesters.

		Big attack on 25th by 3rd and 14th Divisions, with Royal Scots Fusiliers, and 1st, 4th
		Gordons with 2nd Royal Scots; 2nd South Lancashire Regt, and Royal Irish Rifles involved.
		This attack was repulsed by the enemy whose trenches and wire were not affected by the
		heavy bombardment, the wire could not be cut by our cutters, very heavy casualties suffered.
		Returned to bivouac 26th, back to trenches 29th September attacked enemy occupied trenches.

		October proved to be very quiet month in trenches, some shelling, reinforcements arriving,
		training for visiting battalions carried out on trench warfare and duties.  Bivouac
		at Vlamatinghe, and move to barns on 15th October, relieved 7th Shropshires; DCM
		ribbon presented by Major General A Haldans to 3598 Sergeant P Rennie for conspicuous
		gallantry at Hooge on September 25th.  22nd October moved to new billeting area at
		Eeke; training and route marches carried out.  Football tournament, battalion won first
		match 4-0; lost to Kings Own Lancaster Regt 2nd round.

		November, in billets at Eeke very wet, many classes of instructions.  Football final,
		holiday, cinema visit at Divisional HQ.  Later moved to Reninghelst and trenches, cleaning
		up, drainage, wire repaired, etc.  Some shelling continued, grenades fired, some casualties,
		work on drainage continued, relieved and returned to rest billets at Reninghelst.  Quiet
		spell and month ends.

		December  First days, inspection by CO, trench boards laid, training camp.  Drill and
		grenade throwing; specialists left for trenches at 3am, followed by battalion.  Enemy
		mortars for 2 days, quiet otherwise.  Continued mortar fire, Belgians shelled the German
		front line.  Relieved and returned to base camp.  Baths, lectures, kit inspections,
		Wing Commander visited.  Grenade throwing, bayonet fighting, specialists left for 
		trenches, battalion relieved KORL trenches at 6 pm.  Brigade CO visited and inspected
		trenches.  Some shelling, few casualties.  18th and 19th saw heavy bombardment, tear
		gas shells, heavy rifle fire, very intensive shelling with a number of losses.  Following
		four days with visits from GOC Brigade, General Staff Officer inspecting trenches.  Bn 
		relieved by 8th KORL Regt.  23rd December at Baths, 24th Kit inspection, smoke helmets
		lecture on Espirit de Corps by CO.  25th, holiday, short service at 11 am.  26th,
		Church parade; lecture on gas by Major Maitland.  Drill and bayonet fighting, lecture
		on History of the Regt.  Last days of 1915 in trenches, quiet, inspection by Brigade Co.
		New year very quiet, senior officers visited.

		The most significant event of 1915 was the battle of 25th September when an attack was
		launched, a major offensive, which became know as the Battle of Loos.  The 1st and 4th
		Gordons suffered very heavily (the 'U', Student Soldiers were particularly hard hit) 
		as were the 2nd, 6th, 9th, and 10th Battalions, a disastrous failure with incredible
		losses.  See Sir John MacConachie's book "The Student Soldiers", (4th Bn 
		University volunteers).

1916		January.The early months of 1916 were relatively quiet, January was a repeat of billets
		and trenches, Reninghelst rest area not particularly comfortable.  Route marches,
		training, Reninghelst fatigues, cable laying, map reading etc.  Concerts in the
		evening! Back in trenches with enemy firing, trench mortars and HE, some casualties.
		Aerial activity considerable.  Further relief by 8th KOLR of specialists and Bn.
		Return to Reninghelst for kit inspections, baths, training lectures. Fatigue 
		parties laying cable.  Last days of January return to trenches, relatively quiet.

Reninghelst	February.  First couple of days quiet; back to Reninghelst for kit inspection,
Serques		paying out; followed by move to St Omer/Serques for rest.  Training quite intensive,
Trenches	visits by C in C Sir Douglas Haig; CO returned to Bn 15th February left by
		train for Poperinghe, marched to Oudendon	 for trenches, relieved 7th Border Regt.
		Some serious problems from snipers.  Heavy shelling	 	of positions by enemy, 
		retaliation by our artillery brought intense barrage on wood behind our lines.
		Some casualties.  Further aerial activity and aerial torpedoes fired by enemy,
Poperinghe	several Zeppelins seen.  Further casualties from shelling.  Bn relieved by 12th
Reninghelst	Manchester Regt 22nd February and marched to Reninghelst.  Frost and snow on ground;
		baths.  Further training and practised attacks with 8th KORL Regt, continued for last
		days of month.

		March.  Opened with final preparations for attack.  Reached assembly points; 9th 
		Northumberland Fusiliers relieved by Bn.  Assault began at 4.30 am on 2nd March
Reninghelst	with some initial success on the night, left section failed, 3 platoon practically 
		annihilated ('A' Company).  Very heavy casualties suffered, totalling 245 killed and
		wounded.  All counter attacks repulsed, heavy shelling our lines, and reserve and
		support lines!  

Scottish Lines	Bn relieved by east Yorks on 4th March at 3.30 am, conveyed by buses to Scottish Lines,
		reached at 8 am.  Men continued to struggle in throughout the day.  More shelling,few
		casualties.  Heavy snow falls in following days.  Visits from Army Commander, expressed
 		thanks for good work:  Some reinforcements arrive on 6th.  Refitting, kit inspections;
		deficiencies and reorganisation continued.  GOC visited.

Trenches	In reserve at Gordon Terrace 11th and 12th, working parties.  Relieved 8th KORL in trenches,
		clearing up work, training, burying dead.  Work practically all done at night.  Sniping very
		active.  Some casualties.  Specialists relieved by 8th KORL, Bn later in evening marched to
		B camp, Reninghelst.  During this recent spell in trenches, repaired and rebuilt 850 yards
		of parapet - 20,500 sandbags filled and used.  Dugouts were built, also general repair and
		drainage work. 
Reninghelst	Notice of gallantry awards DSO MC DCM.  Further time at Reninghelst, training, working parties
		filled sandbags for St Eloi sector.  Visit from C in C.  Some casualties from gassing.  Bn left
		for reserve at Voormezecle and Scottish Wood employed on fatigue parties all night of 25th.
		Heavy shelling at Voormezecle, few casualties.  Back to J camp Reninghelst.  Div Commander
Scottish Wood	awarded ribbons to officers and men granted in recent operations early March.  Last days of
Dickelbusch	month at Dickelbusch with 10th Royal Welsh Fusiliers.  Stormy weather serious difficulties with
		flooded trenches.
St Eloi 	April.  Early days at St Eloi craters the Bn was not directly involved in fighting by were
Craters		but were heavily bombarded before being relieved and returned to Reninghelst by bus on the
Reninghelst	4th.  Heavy casualties in B company.  Visit from 27th Canadian Regt officers.  Bn moved to
Thieushoer	Thieushoer into rest billets, good farms and barns.  Following days spent in refitting, kit
		inspections, baths.  Reinforcements arrived, church parade, paying out.
		Some further parades; lectures on discipline.  Football matches between companies.  Training
La Clytte	continued for remainder of time at Thieushoer, moved to La Clytte on 20th April, working on
		pioneer duties, strong points around Vierstraat.   Returned to Thieushoer on 22nd, church
		parade; boxing matches arranged, bayonet fighting, further talks on discipline.  Cross country
		running, football matches.
Locre		Reached Locre on 27th April; specialists left for trenches at 1.30 am, BN later in evening
		relieving 5th Durham LI.  Prisoners gave warning of gas attack pending, but did not reach
		our lines, bombardment casualties 35 killed and wounded.  Quiet end to month.
Kemmel		May.  Trenches at Kemmel first week of month.  Some trench mortars fired by enemy, gas alarms
		sounded, fishtail bombs in left company sector.  5 casualties.  Sniping increased at night.  Bn
		HQ received about a dozen shells.  6th May Specialists relieved at 1.30 am by 8th KORL and
Locre 		Bn relief completed at 11 pm.  Returned to billets at Locre.  Training and football, working
		party of 150 supplied at night.  Baths, gas demonstration, further 150 for working party.
		Route march on 10th.  Patrol competition with selected from each platoon.  Prizes of matchboxes
		with embossed Regt Crest.
Kemmel		Relieved 8th KORL on 13th; at Kemmel for further week.  Some shelling with trench mortars with
		casualties.  20th May relieved by 8th KORL marched to Kemmel shelters.  Training and lectures,
		football RWF.  Concerts in evenings; Bn relieved by 4th Yorks marched to Wivsmond Rest Area
Fletre		near Fletre via Baillenil and Meteren.  Kit inspections drills and lectures.  Some drafts
		arrived.  Month ended quietly.
		June.  Practice drills and march pasts first days, celebrate King's Birthday.  Some free time.
Thienshoek	Standing by ready to move on 4 hours notice from Thienshoek and on the 5th Bn marched to
		billets near Bailleuil, took over from 12th West Yorks.  Paying out in afternoon.  Following
		days, working parties, bayonet fighting, baths, training in extended order. Bn sports day
		in afternoons 9th and 10th.
Zermezeere	11th June Bn marched to training area via Meteren, Caestre, Cassel, to billets at Zermzere.  On
		12th at Wulverdinghe then to Houlle.  Training for attack formations on following days, firing
Houlle		18th some officers and men proceed for day at Calais.  Remainder of the month on training for
		attack, firing ranges, musketry.
SOMME		July.  1st Bn not involved in first attack on 1st July.  Days at Houlle, Gezaincourt, Naours,
		Franvillers, Bois Les Celestin by 7th/8th.  Bronfay farm for seven days, practising assaults
		night and day.  Some shelling and few casualties.  Attack on 14th German 2nd line positions
Trenches	at 3.45 am, line captured.  Bn moved to Caterpillar Valley and position men High
		Wood/Longueeral.  Some casualties from heavy shelling.
18th		Patrols sent out at 2 am, orders to attack Longueeral village next morning.  Assembly at 2 am,
		assault at 3.45 am, successful, but strong points North of Derville Wood remained in enemies
Derville Wood	hands.  Counter attacks, intensive shelling for 7 hours, very heavy losses, 4 officers killed,
Caterpillar) 	7 wounded, 321 ORs killed wounded or missing.  Evacuated village.  7th Division, 3rd Division
Valley) 	involved with 2nd Bn and 1st Bn respectively.
19th		Bn relieved on 19th by DCLI marched to Carnoy.  Retrospective view on events (regimental
Carnoy		history see pages 88/89.)
20th		Reorganised, reserved officers joined.
21st		Moved into trenches Lonueral/Derville Wood relief of 8th Norfolks and Essex Regt.
Derville Wood
22nd		Trenches in poor state, reorganising defence, draft of 240 at Happy Valley.  Corporal Mearns on
		patrol killed 6 Germans, wounded 3.
23rd		Heavy shelling on village and BHQ, 6 casualties
24th		Heavy shelling 20 wounded at BN HQ (orderlies and servants.)
25th		Relieved by 1st KRR.
26th		Bn Marched to Bois des Tailles
Bois des
27th		At Bois Tailles, reorganising; draft inspected by CO.  Bn bathed is Somme River.
28th		Very hot; marched to Meriecourt l'Abbé for rest period, fairly comfortable billets.
29th		Very hot; reorganising, bathed in river Ancre, Brigade concert in evening.
30th		Church Parade.
31st 		Rifle inspection, squads and arms drill for remainder.
Meriecourt	August.  First days at Mericourt l'Abbé in training, route march, inspection of draft by GOC
5th		Cards for gallant conduct 18th-25th July given out.  5 pm working party 5 officers and 221 NCOs
		and men proceed to Citadel for trench work S and E of Troves Wood.
6th		Church Parade, lecture by CO on recent events.
7th-9th		Bn training and route march via camps of 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Bns of Regt.
10th		Work on range butts Marrett Wood.
Sandpits	Marched to Cironces at Sandpits, joined by Citadel party.
12th		Practised assaults over flagged course at 4 pm.  Citadel party baths at Ville am Aube,
13th-14th	Assault practise; moved to bivouacs at Great Bear.  Carrying party of 80 ammunition for MGC
Great Bear	in evening.
15th		Bn at rest; officers visited Maltz Horn branch system, heavily shelled on return journey.
Talus Bois 	Bn moved to Talus Bois 2 pm and forward to Dublin trenches.
17th		Carrying party of 44 to Stanley Dump 6 am.  3 companies moved to Chimpanzee Trench; heavy 
Chimpanzee 	shelling, lost 6 killed, 3 severely wounded.
Maltz Horn 	Bn moved to trenches in front of Maltz Horn farm for assault at 2.45 pm.  1st objective gained
                but attack failed with heavy losses: 260 Casualties.
19th		New line taken over by Royal Scots Fusiliers.  Evacuation of wounded proceeded.  B, C, D
                companies returned to Dublin Trench at noon.  A Company remained to bury dead, later relieved 
Happy Valley	by 12th Manchester Regt (The Bantams) Bn proceeded back to Happy Valley.
20th		Voluntary service in evening.
21st		Bn marched to Morlancourt; draft of 220 ORs arrived at 4 pm; chiefly men from 2/4, 2/5, 2/7
Morlancourt	Bns. 
22nd		Transport left for new area at 10.45 am.  Further draft of 125 ORs from 2/5, 2/7, Bns.
23rd		Bn train to Candas from Mericourt Station, 2 pm arrival, marched to Maillard.  7 miles.
24th		Draft inspected by CO.  Rev W H Leathem arrived.
25th		9 am marched to Boubers 8 miles. Several 2/Lts arrived viz Lyle, Berry Davidson, Russell,
		Thorburn, Simmill, Cook, Forbes, Merrilees.
26th		8.50 am marched to Oeuf, 8 miles.  Good billets
27th		7.50 am marched to Heuchin, 11 miles.
28th 		10.30 am marched to Bours, 9 miles.
29th		11.30 am marched to Bruay, 8 miles billets in mining village.
Bruay		Baths for whole Bn in mine bath houses mine No 3.  Very good!
31st		2.15 pm Bn marched to Noeux les Mines, 7½ miles.
Noex les Mines	September.  Bn at Noex les Mines for first week of month; in Brigade Reserve area much engaged
		in training, drill, bayonet fighting, PT.  Carrying parties employed and paraded at 6.30 pm.
		Further Bn training.
8th		Bn took over trenches at Bis 14 sector from 8th Kings Own.  3 companies occupied front line, 
		great deal of work required, little or no wire existed - enemy front heavily wired.
9th-15th	Trench mortars fired on enemy wire.  Nests dug for gas cylinders.  Quiet days.
16th		Bn relieved by 8th Kings Own; in support for B Coy in Gun Trench, A Coy village line, remainder
		Bn HQ in 10th Avenue.
17th		Bn finished working and carrying parties chiefly trench mortar ammunition.
18th		C Coy left for baths at Mazingarbe.
19th		Similar working parties as 17th, A Coy at Baths.
20th		Similar working parties as 17th, B Coy at Baths.
21st		Bn repaired support trench and wiring support line.
22nd 		Bn Cleaning and tidying trenches.
23rd 		Bn relieved by 10th East Surreys, billets in Mazingarbe.
24th		Bn 9.30 am for Lozinghem, 12 miles joined brigade west of Noex les Mines, reached Lozinghem
		billets for night.
Estree Blache
25th		Bn 9.00 am for Estree Blanche, 12 miles.
26th/27th	Kit inspections, artillery formations, a march past, musketry practice in afternoon.
28th		Bn marched to training area, carried out 1st phases of attack, musketry practice.
29th		Bn at training area, practising attack as normal and ceremonial.
20th		Bn at training area; carried out "attack".  Brigade march past Brigadier General R Kentish DSO,
		who later presented ribbons including 2 VCs to the 10th Royal Welsh Fusiliers.  Made farewell
		Estree Blanche; Training area, trench practise grounds for first few days.  Funeral of Private 
		Temple accidentally killed by train.  Regimental mascot fox terrier 'Pyper' died.
		Big fire in village, Bn worked to salvage all night.  Thanks from Brigadier for efforts.
5th		Bn marched to Heuchnin at 2 pm welcomed by local inhabitants cordially.
6th		Bn rested.
7th		Bn marched to St Pol at 8.40 am.  Train to Raincheral arrived Belle Ezlise at midnight.
8th		Marched to Acheux, billets in huts at Acheux Wood.
9th		Bn resting.
10th-16th	Bn practised assault of trenches over flagged courses with KORL.  Combined sports day.
17th		Bn marched to Vauchelles.
18th 		Bn 6.30 am parade, practised assault over flagged courses
19th		Bn marched to Courcelles.  Fatigue party of 300 men to trenches at 9 pm.
20th		Digging party to trenches at 6 am (200 men).
21st-25th	Kit inspections, Divisional practice of trenches to be captured over flagged courses.  200
		fatigue party.  Carrying trench mortar ammunition to front.  Bn resting for day.
26th		Raiding party tried to enter enemy trenches failed owing to barrage opening 1/4 hour too soon!
27th		Trenches at Serre sector taken over from 8th KORL.  Very muddy conditions, quiet later.
28th		Enemy shelled Observation Wood and support trenches during day.  Very severe on Bn HQ, Railway
		Ave, and Brigade advance HQ, several shells struck.  One casualty.  Gas attack from our 2nd
		Division drifted over our front line.  Helmets had to be put on.
29th		Considerable counter artillery at 6 am.  Bn relieved during morning by 7th KSLI, marched to
Bus		Bus, billeted in wood.
30th		Bombing practice in morning, heavy rain pm.
31st		Bn in bombing practice, drill for whole Bn.
Bus		Bn at Bus for first 12 days of month.  Practice musketry at ranges, concerts, football,
		cinematograph shows at YMCA!  Lectures on history of the Regt.  Combined sports with 2nd 
		Suffolks.  Church parade.  Preparations for attack; 'it' were going ahead.  300 men on road 
		works! night patrolling practice.  Football match with Balloon Sect RFC, Bn won 3-0.
12th-13th	Bn moved to assembly trenches and attacked enemy lines at Serre.  Unsuccessful outcome owing
Serre		to mist and muddy conditions, heavy machine gunfire from enemy.  Failure left us with 141
14th		Bn relieved the 10th RWF in evening, after quiet day.  In front line Rob Roy at night.  Bn HQ
Trenches	moved into advanced Brigade HQ.  CO took over command left sub sector. 6 casualties.
15th 		Quiet.  Improving positions.  Wiring of posts in front line at night.  Divisional General
		visited 5 wounded.
16th		Quiet.  Reconstruction of our line proceeding 4 casualties.
17th		Bn relieved at night by 10th RWF marched to Courcelles, reached by 11 pm.
18th		Bn at baths.
19th		Bn moved to Vauchelles, billets
20th		Bn kit inspections by companies, 247 ORs joined.
21st		Bn training musketry.
22nd		Companies arrangements.  2nd Bn marched through village; passes issued for visit to 2nd Bn.
		Col Crawford commands 3rd Brigade.
23rd		Musketry training.  Draft from base 19 ORs.
24th		Bn received orders to move to Lourencourt, but later cancelled.
25th		Fatigue party 150 men at 6.30 am.  Lectures in pm.
26th		CO and OC coys visited trenches at Serre.
27th		Bn relieved 13th Kings Liverpool.  Trenches wet and muddy.
28th		Bn working constantly improving sector as defensive position.
29th		Wiring continued as mist permitted.
30th		Continued wiring due to misty conditions.
Trenches	1st day of month, Bn relieved by 8th Kings Own marched back to huts at Courcelles.
2nd-5th		Bn kit inspections, working and fatigue parties.  Party at front line wiring opposite Luke
		copse later on 5th left for Louvencourt.
6th		Bn had 300 men on various working parties.  Specialists training undertaken.
7th		250 men on fatigue.  Specialists continued training.
8th		130 men on working parties.  Baths for rest.
9th		250 men on working parties, fatigues.  Specialists on training.
10th-13th	At Louvencourt, working parties, tea at Courcelles.  Relief completed at midnight with 13th
		Kings Liverpool
14th-16th 	In trenches, very quiet.
17th		Bn relieved by 8th KORL, and moved to billets at Courcelles.
18th		Bn inspected by Brigade CO.
19th		Bn and 2 companies moved to Couin.
20th-28th	At Couin, Beausort, Bus, through till relief of 13th Kings Liverpool on 29th.
29th		Trenches, some shelling, few casualties and little activity in last days of year.
30th-31st	Our guns opened fire at 11 pm.  Very quiet.
1st		January.  Prisoner walked over to trenches; Bn relieved by 8th KORL, marched to billets
2nd 		Resting
3rd		Trenches relieved 8th KORL.
4th		'D' company stood down 5.30 pm; heavy shelling Fort Briggs, direct hit, 4 killed 2 wounded.
5th		Heavy shelling Fort Briggs; 16 men buried, dug out by KORL, 2 wounded; 10 pm relieved by 8th
6th		Bn marched to Berrancourt, played through village by 2nd Bn; bus to Rubempre, arrived 6 pm.
7th		Bn rested at Rubempre; 24 from 3rd Bn.
8th		Marched to Pernois, 12 miles, bad billets.
9th		Rested.
10th		Rested. Organised companies each platoon.
11th		Rested. 1 bombing section; 2 rifle sections; 1 reserve Lewis gun section.
12th 		Bn Training.
13th		Bn Training.
14th		3rd Bn draft arrived; 4 officers.
15th		Bn march past.
16th-26th	Bn Training and Football.
27th 		Prepared to move.
28th		Bn marched to Amplier
29th		Bn marched to Neuviellette.
30th		Bn marched to Flers.
31st		Bn marched to Penin.  3rd Div transferred to XVII corps.
1st 		Rested, new helmet drill with new respirators.
2nd		Training continued.
3rd		Practised new attack formation,.
4th		Voluntary church parade; Div band present.
5th		Training.
6th		Practise attacks.
7th		Training.
8th		Bn marched to Wanquentin via Aresnes le Cormte.  Hauteville, billets.  CO and 2I/C. Gas 
9th		Bn rested; officers visited trenches in front of Arras.
10th		Bn prepared for trenches.
11th		Bn church parade; prepared to march for trenches via Warlus and Dainville.  Relieved 11th
		Middlesex.  Quiet and trenches in very good condition.
In the line
12th		2 casualties from trench mortar 'A' company.
13th		Quiet; work done on reserve line.  GOC visited.
14th		Quiet.
15th		Relieved by 10th R Welsh Fusiliers reserve billets at Arras.
16th-17th	Rested, supplied work parties.
18th		Voluntary church parade 6 pm
19th		Tested new box respirators.  Relieved 15th Royal Welsh Fusiliers in afternoon.
In the line
20th		Bn suffered from trench mortar activity 'A' Coy.  2 killed, 2 wounded.
21st	 	Quiet;  Trenches falling in owing to thaw.
22nd		Quiet, work support lines.
23rd		Quiet, Bn relieved by 10th Royal Welsh Fusiliers: billets at Arras.
24th		Bn Supplied working parties.
25th		Church service; 'C' Coy practised "Raid".
26th		Bn supplied working parties and carrying parties.
27th		Bn relieved by 1st Royal Scots Fusiliers.  Marched  to Wanquentin.
28th		Bn marched Houvin-Houvigneul via Hanteville-Asesus le Compe.  Good billets.  'A' Coy worked in
		wood-cutting.  'C' Coy at Liencourt practised 'Raid'.  Bn rested.
1st		'B' and 'A' Coys on training.
2nd-3rd		Training continued.
4th		Church service: 'C' Coy left Liencourt  for Arras to carry out raid.
5th		Successful raid; 21 prisoners taken; 11 killed.
6th		'C' Coy rejoined Bn.
7th		Bn training; 26 ORs joined.
8th		Snow.
9th		March to Magnicourt, poor billets.
10th		Bn marched for 12 miles on route march.  23 ORs joined.
11th		Rain; voluntary church service.
12th-13th	Bn Training.
14th		Lt Gen Haldane CO 6th Corps inspected Bn presented MMs to L/Cpl Christie, Ptes Black, Lambie
		and Garside for gallantry on recent raid.
15th-17th	Bn training.  Officers observed 9th Brigade attack over practice trenches.
18th		Bn billets at Liencourt; draft 51 ORs arrived.
19th-20th	Bn Training.
21st-31st	Attack practice; baths at Berlencourt, football, training in attack with grenades.
1917	        April
1st-8th		Diary page missing!  OO's record arrival in Arras occupied caves on 6th, assembled on 8th.
9th-11th	Bn attacked at 5.30 am (Arras trenches) ordered to take part in assault on the first four 
		German lines of trenches.  Bombardment began, Bn advanced in two waves of two companies.
		German line extended over 420 yards frontage and with little opposition the objectives were
		taken by 5.50 am; casualties 60.  For further details, (see photocopies attached).
12th		Bn in tunnel at 8 am.
13th		Bn left tunnel for billets at Arras.
14th-16th	Bn rested, cleaned up.
17th		Bn on parade, cards for recognition presented by GOC.
18th		Bn in billets.
19th		Bn practised wiring.  Armourer Sgt inspected rifles.
20th		Bn prepared to move to join 6th Corps.
21st		Bn training practised attack.  Massed bands played (1st,6th,8/10th, and 9th) in barbed wire
22nd		Bn church service at Salle des Concerts.
23rd		Bn trenches west of Bois de Boeuf 6 pm.  Div in reserve.
le Preux
24th		Bn took over line W of Monchy le Preux.  During relief hostile artillery opened fire; 38
25th		Bn suffered heavy shelling, no casualties.  Bn HQ blown in!
26th		HQ moved to dugout of HQ RWF, KORL and KSLI:  Heavy shelling, much sniping by night.
27th		Further heavy shelling; hostile aeroplane brought down.  Enemy attacked KORL and 'B' Coy,
		repulsed, 4 prisoners.
28th		Front support lines shelled; Captain Bothwell and 2/Lt Huntly killed.  Sniping worse!
29th-30th	Intermittent shelling; snipers killed 5 men.  Platoons ordered to fire at ground level and
		reduced sniping.
Tilloy		May
1st		Bn relieved by 1st RSF moved into Div reserve trenches.
2nd 		Rested.
3rd		Bn moved to Brown line to relieve 7th KSLI.
4th-6th		Bn rested.  Working parties of 300 on Communication trench south of Monchy.
7th		Brown line; 1420 yards of CT completed.
8th-9th		Bn relief of 9th Brigade put off.
Le Prieux	
10th		Bn relieved 9th Brigade.
11th		Quiet.
12th		Quiet: London Scottish attacked and captured Tool trench; enemy shelling; front line shelled by 
		own artillery; 1 officer killed 6 ORs wounded.
13th		Bn suffered 8 casualties from enemy shelling.
14th		Bn relieved by Inniskillings; 6 Ors
15th		Bn took tea at Tilloy; embussed for Duisans and slept for rest of day.  Completed 23 days in
		trenches, longest spell since 1915.  Total casualties 3 officers killed, 89 ORs.
16th		Bn cleaned up and rested.
17th		Bn moved to Noyellette.  Men and officers to Nissen huts - comfortable billets.
18th		Bn moved to Ambrines.  Coys at disposal.  Billets fair but cramped.
19th-31st	Bn at Ambrines; training; football; medal parade; drafts arrived; inoculations; lectures; 
		ranges and field firing.
1st		Bn preparing for move to Arras.
2nd		Bn paraded at 6.55 am, buses to Arras, good billets.
3rd		Bn church parade.
4th		Bn training for coming operations, moved billets owing to shelling.
5th-11th	Bn training and assault practice with the suffolks.
12th		GOC 3rd Div visited.  Assault practice.
In the line
13th		Bn relieved 1st RSF in Hill trench East of Monchy.
14th-19th	Bn attacked at 7.20 am took trench and established posts on the mound and high ground.  Very 
		heavy fighting from counter attacks.  Successful operation; but heavy losses.  70 killed, 160 
		wounded, 27 missing.
20th		Bn relieved and embussed for Grenas, good billets.
21st-23rd	Bn resting and clearing up.
24th-30th	Church parade; training; drafts arrived officers and 330 ORs: cricket; medals parade; Corps
		Commander congratulations at recent success against Infantry Hill.  Prepared to move to 
		Bihvcourt area.
Grenas		July
1st		Bn paraded at 10 am, marched to Doullens arrived by train at Achiet le Grand at 4.15 pm.  2nd 
		Bn billeted at Morny, pipes and drums played us in.
2nd		Bn specialist training in morning; football, lost to 2nd Gordons 3-0; massed bands played.
3rd		Bn paraded at 4 pm, marched to Beugny bivouacs and tents.
4th		Bn training: 2nd Gordons football team again played and won 3-1.
5th		Bn training: Relay race, tug-o-war with 2nd Bn lost again.
6th		Bn training continued.  Rugby match and Australian gunners (lost)
7th-9th		Bn inspected by GOC IV Corps; training and draft of 19 pipers and drummers from 3rd Bn.
In the line
10th		Bn relieved 1st RSF.
11th		Bn sent out patrols; night patrol encountered enemy strong post not known previously, some 
12th		Bn quiet day, working on widening up front line posts; 4 ORs casualties.
13th-18th	Bn generally quiet period but casualties from enemy firing on working parties, some shelling.
19th		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks.
20th-24th	Bn rested, cleaning up after baths; church parade, march past, competitions.
25th		Bn relieved 2nd Suffolks.
In the line
26th-31st	Bn engaged in wiring work, some casualties from trench mortars; enemy raid on 'C' Coy driven 
		off.  Further wiring carried out.  Draft of 6 officers arrived.
In the line
1st		Bn engaged in improving posts.  Quiet.
2nd		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks, marched to Beugny.
3rd-11th	Bn training, church parade; Div band concert.  Drafts of officers arrived, relief prepared.
In the line
12th-17th	Bn took over from 2nd Suffolks, worked on joining up posts,  3 casualties, shelling.  Bn in 
		quiet period in front line;  Brigade fired gas shells, some casualties from retaliation.
18th		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks.
19th-25th	Bn rested and baths; parades, training, erection of huts; drill demonstration etc.
26th		Bn relieved 2nd Suffolks.
27th-31st	Bn worked between posts; some shelling with a few casualties.  Total strength 36 officers 991
In the line
1st-2nd		Very quiet.
3rd		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks.  This finished the town in this sector.  Work had improved trench 
		communications and outposts.  Fresh wiring completed, duck boards laid.
4th		Bn rested, Baths!
5th		Bn on gas chamber training at Fremincourt.  Moved to Barastre area.
6th-13th	Bn training with 8th KORL and practice attacks with 8th KORL for coming operations.  Brigade 
		attack witnessed by Army Commander Gen Gough.
14th		Bn training; boxing competition.
15th		Bn on long range at Le Transloy.
16th		Bn church parade GOCs' Corps, Div and Brigade.
17th		Bn prepared for move.
18th		Bn marched to Bapaume, train for Goodersuelte billets near Watou.
19th-20th	Bn rested, in reserve 1 hours notice.
21st		Bn training;  CO and officers visited Corps HQ, to see model of operations area.
22nd		Bn moved at 3.15 pm marched to Brandhoek, OC Coys went up to line.
23rd		Bn rested, detachments to line.
24th		Bn paraded at 5.30 pm, train for Ypres, marched to area next to Ypres, bivouacked for night.
25th		Bn bivouac in open, prepared to move assembly positions.
26th-28th	Zero Hour; 5.50 am Bn attacked, then relieved on 29th/30th, out of action.
29th		Camped near Veaamertinghe.
30th		Moved to Winnezeele to rest and recoup.
1st		Bn rested and cleaned up.
2nd		Bn present for speech by GOC 76th Brigade.  Bn was paid.
3rd		Bn parade for march past at 11 am.  Draft of 265 ORs arrived.
4th		Bn marched to Campagne, 14 miles in rain.  Good billets.
5th		Bn rested, marched to Wizerne, train for Bapaume at 9.30 pm.
6th		Bn arrived 8 am, marched to Barastre.
7th		Bn paraded for recommendation cards.  Church parade in local cinema.
8th		Bn training; range in afternoon.
9th		Bn training; 140 ORs joined.  46 from the Cameron Hldrs; 94 from 9th Gordons.
10th		Bn prepared to move to trenches.
11th		Bn embussed (less two last drafts) for Mory, marched to Ecoust - St Mein, relieved 2/5th West 
		Yorks in Bullecourt sector; very quiet.
12th		Quiet day, Bn worked on trenches wiring commenced.
13th-17th	Quiet day, Trench repairs, usual work no casualties.
18th		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks.
19th-24th	Bn rested and cleaned up.  Bn training; church parade; specialist training.
25th		Bn training; 50 ORs on working parties for work on Abboye!
26th		Bn relieved 2nd Suffolks; Bullecourt sector.
27th		Bn in the line, 3 am gas projectiles fired by Bn on left at 10 pm, some casualties from MG 
28th-29th	Bn had quiet day; TM and 59 activity but no casualties.
30th-31st	Bn work as before.  Quiet.
1st-2nd		Quiet day, work continued on trenches.
3rd		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks; slight shelling in morning; no casualties.
4th		Bn rested, baths, church parade, football.
5th		Bn training.
6th		Bad weather; rested.
7th		A and B companies moved into Abbay Mory also HQ Coy.  Poor conditions.
8th		Bn.  Heavy rain, football beat KORL 2-1 and RWF 8-0.
9th-10th	Rain, no training.
11th		Bn relieved the 2nd Suffolks.  No casualties.
12th		Gas projectiles fired from our lines on left; no retaliation, quiet, no casualties.
13th		Quiet day, very misty, used TMs on enemy, no casualties.
14th		Enemy shelled Tower Support, some casualties.  Support coys; ammunition supply carried up.
15th 		Quiet day; evening relieved by 2nd Suffolks rest billets at Abbay Mory.
16th  		Bn rested and cleaned up.
17th		Bn medically inspected, baths at Mory.
18th		Bn church parade.
19th		Bn practised 'advanced guard' scheme between mory and Behagnes.
20th		Brigade (9th) attacked German front line near Bullecourt.  Bn under orders to move at 1½ hours 
		notice. (officers at conference)
21st		Quiet day, brigade boxing contest at Abbaye in afternoon.
22nd 		Bn.  Quiet day.
23rd		Bn paraded 10.30 am.
24th		Bn practised scheme for following up enemy in case of retreat.
25th		Bn voluntary church parade.
26th		Bn relieved 1st Northumberland Fusiliers; 2 Coys 4th Royal Fusiliers in newly captured
		trenches.  Tiger Trench and Tower Support, no casualties.
27th		Quiet day; some TM activity; Cleaned up.
28th		Quiet day; work on trenches.
29th		Heavy enemy barrage; some casualties 2 platoons 'C' coy relieved by 1st Royal Munster
30th		Bn relieved by 2nd Suffolks, two casualties went to billets at Abbaye Mory.
1st		Bn rested and cleaned up.
2nd-3rd		Quiet day Col Burnett left to command Brigade.
4th		Bn relieved 2nd Suffolks.  Tower Support and Tiger Trench no casualties.
5th		Bn working parties on wire in Front.  3 am report to expect attack.  Nothing
6th		Bn warned of impending attack.  Nothing.
7th		Bn had quiet day, some slight shelling.
8th		Bn problems with thaw, trenches caving in.
9th		Bn repairing and strengthening wire, attack still expected.
10th		Bn HQ shelled in Railway Reserve, quiet otherwise.  2nd Suffolks relieved Bn by 9.30 pm.  Bn
		went into close support at Ecoust and Railway embankment, Tiger Trench.
11th		Bn 'stood too' at 6.30 am - 8 am warning of attack, nothing; worked on improving shelters and
		ammunition.  Ration carrying and work continued.
12th		Bn warned by Brigade of impending attack.  Heavy enemy barrage on 9th Brigade front.  Attack 
		developed on their front to our left.  Very little activity; some casualties.
13th		Bn 'stood down', rest for the day, working parties at night.  Ration carrying etc.
14th		Bn.  Quiet day; improved positions on Embankment and Ecoust Noveuil Road; Pipe Sergeant
		Henderson killed.
15th		Bn quiet day; some raiding parties out.  Quiet day continued.
16th		Bn worked on shelters by day.
17th		Relieved 2nd Suffolks, no casualties.
18th		Some shelling on Railway Reserve, otherwise quiet.  Some casualties from own artillery firing
19th		Quiet day, work as usual, no casualties.
20th		Bn rested owing to heavy frost, some wiring carried out.
21st		Bn.  Frost still holding, wiring in afternoon, curtailed owing to MG firing.
22nd		Quiet day; relieved in the line by 2nd Suffolks, no casualties.
23rd		Bn rested and cleaned up, baths.  Still frosty.
24th		Bn companies arrangements, armourer sergeant inspection rifles.
25th		Bn inspected in the morning by CO.  Free issue of beer, plum puddings, concert in theatre at
26th		Quiet day;  CO inspected 'D' Coy.  Court martial held.  General Campbell GOC 119th Brigade
27th		Bn paraded coy arrangements.  Intensely cold, rapid marching and running.
28th		Quiet day;  Bn visited by CO 19th Middlesex Regt, who relieved us in Brigade Reserve.  Bn
		prepared to move on 29th.
29th		Bn reveille at 7 am; paraded at 9.40 am to move off to new area, arrived at 2.30 pm.  Nissen
No 5 camp pm	huts at camp, bad condition.
30th		Bn employed in cleaning up and improving the camp generally.  Coys commanders' conference in 
31st		Bn paraded by companies at 9.30 am for rapid running and marching.  RSM parade at 12 noon.  
		Hogmanay celebrated by dinner, GOC present.  Sergeants' mess smoking concert and GOC attended 
		with all officers.
1918		January
In the field
1st		Bn on New Years' Day Holiday, Brigadier's instructions.
2nd		Bn training begun in earnest.  Parades arranged but intensely cold, training curtailed.
3rd		Bn training parades; still frosty; great difficulty in obtaining wood for stoves.
4th		Bn training parades; officers reconnoitre corps second line at Croiselles.
5th		CO inspected companies; hut competitions, lectures in afternoon.
6th		Church parade, farewell sermon by Padre McIvers.
7th		Platoon training; CO's parade and practise for march past of GOC inspecting next day. American
		Doctor Ewans left.
8th		GOC inspection at 10 am.  Snowstorm and blizzard at march past.  Trench cleaning and camp
		inspection.  Lewis guns training all cancelled.
9th		Bn on training, thaw begun.
10th		Bn addressed by GOC Brigade at conclusion of march past.  Very soft and muddy conditions.
11th-12th	Bn training.  Thaw continued.
13th		Frosty weather returns; Bn training coys drill; MO reported (US Army).
14th		Church service; thaw setting in.
15th		Bn training, everything soft.
16th		Bn training, visit from General P W Brown.
In the field
17th		Bn practised attacks, postponed an attack in conjunction with aeroplane, poor weather.
18th		Thaw continues, companies training.  Bn marched to see demonstration by 76th TMB.
19th		Bn practised counter attack conjunction with aircraft.  Range work in morning.
20th		Weather fine.  Church service.
21st-23rd	Bn training continues, ground wet.  (Field firing on 22nd)
24th		Bn paraded and marched to Wailly for demonstration before brigade, officers and NCOs of 3rd 
		Division.  Excellent conditions.
25th		Bn moved from rest area to Carlisle Lines south of Beaurains.
26th		Bn moved to trenches relieved 25th Bn Northumberland Fusiliers at Wancourt Givemappe Sector, no 
27th		Very clean trenches, shallow in places and not revetted.  Quiet, good view of enemy.
28th		Very misty, cleared later, 'B' Coy made concertinas in afternoon.  1 man killed by TM.
		Permission to alter dispositions at 2 Corps front at N/East of Wancourt.
29th		Div Commander changed back to old dispositions, substantial changes.  400 yards of concertina 
		entanglements put out.
30th-31st	Bn relieved by 10th RWF.  Few casualties.
1st		Relieved 10th RWF front line all quiet.  (Report of disbanding of RWF).
2nd		Col Wolfe-Murray on leave.  Raid by Bn on our left 8.30 am.  Retaliation shelling on our front.
		2 killed.
3rd		Bn worked on improving trenches; hostile artillery, gas and HE, some casualties.
4th		Quiet; usual work, trenches dry.
5th		Quiet; usual work, trenches dry.  No casualties
6th		Bn relieved by 8th KORL; return to support behind Wancourt.  No casualties.
7th-8th		Bn.  Baths at Neuville Vitasse; new support Bn HQ under construction.  Fatigues at night.  (8th
		January Weather fine and dry.)
9th		Some hostile artillery response to raid by our brigade tonight.  Relieved 2nd Suffolks in night 
		subsection.  All quiet.
10th		Bn HQ, received some gas shells in morning.  Stand to ordered, quiet otherwise.
11th		Quiet day; our snipers active, no retaliation.
12th		All as usual.
13th		Bn HQ some shelling Shikai Avenue in the day.  Usual work.
14th		Very clear and dry conditions.  Our snipers active again.  Usual work.
15th		Bn relieved by 8th KORL who moved into new Bn HQ.  Back to support.
16th		Bn at Neuville Vitasse.  Usual work and wire carrying for KRRC
17th		Usual work on new HQ, and wire carrying for KRRC.
18th		Bn relieved 2nd Suffolks left subsection no casualties; some gas shells at Bn HQ.
19th		Quiet day; trenches dry, no casualties.
20th		Quiet day; but some TMs on EE post at 'C' Coy at 9pm.  Our 4-5s retaliated.
21st		More TMs on 'C' Coy, during 'stand to' retaliation by our artillery; our snipers very active.
22nd		First rain for weeks; work on Key and Cavalry trenches in new reserve line.
23rd		Raid by 7th Camerons on our left at 3.30 am, retaliation brought 1 killed and 2 wounded.
24th		Bn relieved by 8th KORL no casualties back to support.
25th-26th	Baths; work on new HQ and fatigues in the line as usual CO back.
27th		Bn relieved 2nd Suffolks night subsection, new dispositions with 2 Coys in front line and 2 in
		support.  No casualties.
28th		Bn working on new trench on Kestrel Avenue and wiring.  Ape support, 2 wounded.
Wancourt Sector
1st 		Bn had quiet day; some shelling, snowing later, work on new trench continued, also wiring.
		Casualties Nil.
2nd		Work continued in trenches; snowing later; relieved by 8th KSLI and 2 platoons 2nd Suffolks.
		Bn moved back to support dugout.  1 wounded.
3rd			Quiet day.
4th		Quiet day, very cold.  'A' Coy worked on new trench.
5th		Quiet day.  Bn worked on cable and new trench in front of Buzzard Wood.  'C' Coy relieved by
		2nd Suffolks.
6th		Quiet day, worked on new Bn HQ.  No casualties.
7th		Quiet day.  Brilliant sunshine, work on support dugouts, relieved 2nd Suffolks on left of
8th		Quiet day after relieved by 8th KORL further work on new trench; 1 killed., 1 wounded.
9th		Quiet sunny day; some shelling on HQ.  Captain Horswell and 5 ORs wounded.
10th		Quiet sunny day; work on Rake trench continues, also Shovel, HQ moved from Rake to Key support.
		1 casualty.
11th		Quiet day; very bright, trench work still continuing as before.  Relieved by 8th KORL.
12th		Companies disposed in trenches in support.
13th-14th	Our artillery began harassing fire on enemy lines.  No casualties.
15th		Quiet day; cold North wind.  Artillery fire continued on enemy lines.  1 wounded.
16th		Enemy shelling in response.  1 wounded.
17th-18th	Bn companies relieved each other in trenches.
19th		Quiet day; raining: no casualties.
20th		Bn.  Quiet day, Coys followed relief arrangements (weather good).
21st		Very heavy enemy offensive began on our right.  Our front quiet except for heavy barrage.
22nd-29th	76th Brigade, 3rd Division and Bn involved in German march offensive.  Diary record missing;
		see Reg History pages 187-194.
In the field
30th		Bn relieved by 3rd Canadian Infantry battalion at Neuville-Vitasse and marched to Raviere.
		After breakfast all ranks slept until 13.30 am dinner, then marched Warluzol, Beametz, Artois.
		Good spirits prevailed.
31st 		Bn rested and cleaned up.
En route	April
In the field
1st		Bn marched to Liencourt, embussed at 11 am for Bruay area.  Arrived Ourton at 3 pm.  Good
		billets, men rested thoroughly.
2nd		Bn cleaned up and reorganised.  Weather good men began to recover after events of past 10 days.
3rd		Bn still reorganising; looking smart again, specialist work and Lewis gun training.
4th		Bn marched to (Sains en Ganelle) at 2 pm.  Billeted in miners houses, very comfortable.
5th		Bn.  Baths; raining, training coy arrangements.
6th		Bn training continued; draft of 5 of Ors arrived mostly boys of 19, very keen type.
7th		Church parade, BTC Coys work on Maistre Line.
8th		Bn on training A and D Coys work on Maistre Line.
9th		Bn on ranges and training; very foggy.
10th		B and C Corps on Maistre Line; orders for action.
11th		Bn ready for move to Barlin Mersin area but order cancelled.  At 1 pm embussed for battle area
		in area of Hinges.  Moved forward to Les Cauldrons.  No enemy encountered.
Hinges Sector
12th		Bn HQ, in front of Hinges, companies in area of surrounding farms.  Enemy shelling Bn HQ moved
		into village.
13th		Quiet day; shelling and rifle fire, enemy seemed far off.  Crossed to other side of canal bank
		at Arelette.
14th		Bn relieved by 1st Royal Warwicks.  Bn moved to Oblinghem.
15th		Bn rested and re-equipped.  Quiet day and night.  No casualties.
16th		Bn quiet day; 4th Div on our left successful local attack.
17th		Quiet; warned to expect attack.
18th		Quiet; Pioneers wiring proceeded.
Chouquaux Sector
19th		Some shelling; attack expected after heavy barrage on either flank.  Prisoners captured; no
20th		Quiet; CQMS Jackson killed when bringing up rations.  'C' Coy moved to take over 6OO yards of 
		line on canal bank from Arelette drawbridge.
21st		Enemy shelling, failed to hit.
22nd		Quiet day; our guns creeping barrage at 4 am, slight retaliation.
In support
les Bethune
23rd		Bn relieved by 1st Bn Royal Fusiliers.  Bn moved to billets.
24th		Bn spent day cleaning and refitting.
25th		Bn parades cancelled, no movements allowed.
26th		Bn specialist training in billets then relieved 1st Hampshires at Bn HQ Chocques Bethane Rd.
27th		Bn in hangars, quiet day, 'C' Coy carry wire to front at Hinges.
28th-29th	Quiet day; wiring continued.
30th		'B' and 'D' Coys shelled in hangars, 21 casualties.
1st 		Quiet day.
2nd		'A' and 'C' coys to Shropshire Lane West of Hinges due to shelling of Abbaye, Lannoy and
		Clarence River Areat.
3rd		Some shelling in morning.  B and D coys confined to shelter trenches and B coy preparation for
		attack on orchard; held up by casualties, 8 wounded.
4th		Assembly at midnight, zero hour 2.30 am.  Parties of D Coy carried up ammunition, haversacks, 
		water bottles for assaulting platoons, left in breastwork forming part of battle HQ, across the
		canal.  5 platoons involved.
La Bassee 
Canal near
5th		Attack proved successful, plan of attack according to programme: objective secured 42
		prisoners, 3 machine guns.  3 officers wounded, 3 ORs killed, 8 wounded.  'B' Coy relieved and
		8th KORL relieved by 1st Bn Northumberland Fusiliers.  Brigade reserve relief by 13th Kings
		Liverpool Regt.  'D' coy remained open trench South of Chocques Vendin.  Quiet day.
6th		Bn at baths Lapuenoy; Corps Commander visited to congratulate the Bn on B Coys success.
7th		Bn had quiet day.
8th		Bn relieved 1st RSF at night Brigade section 'D' coy lost 3 ORs and 8 wounded on way up.
9th		Shelling, warning of possible attack.
10th		A Coy heavily shelled on left front, 2 officers wounded.
11th		Quiet in front line.  Shelling of back areas.
12th 		Further shelling; officer wounded.
13th		Quiet.
14th		Some aircraft activity, fine weather.
15th		Quiet.
16th		Relieved by 4th Royal Fusiliers, back to Chocques, no casualties, all coys in billets.
17th		Cleaning up, inspections; and Bn pay out.
18th		Bn at baths.  2 officers joined.
19th-20th	Church service in orchard beside HQ, 2 working parties on cable laying in Hinges Chateau 
		grounds, 1 party lost 2 officers killed and 7 casualties.  Other party suffered gas bombardment
		of Hinges grounds, 7 wounded later over 120 cases of gassing reported.  Bn relieved 2nd Royal
		Scots that evening in Brigade Reserve; they suffered very heavily and much reduced, withdrew to
		Shropshire line from Suffolk line in Hinges.
21st 		Quiet.
22nd		One company worked for front line Bn on the canal bank.
23rd		Usual work.
24th		Heavy rain in morning, relieved 2nd Suffolks on left, no casualties.
25th		Quiet;  Garrisons of posts worked at connecting up posts at night.  Platoons made concertinas 
		every day (50) put out in front line.
26th		Bn shelled at night, Bn HQ, mainly gas.  Usual work and wiring.  Some casualties.
27th		Quiet; 5 new officers arrived.
28th		Quiet, no casualties.
29th		Some shelling day, gas shells at night on Bn HQ at Pont Hinges.
30th		Quiet day usual work.
31st 		Quiet day, no casualties.
Hinges		June
1st-3rd		Quiet, some gas shells and HE; Bn HQ, gas shelled, mornings 'stand to'.
4th		Bn relieved in the line by 2nd Suffolks, went into Brigade reserve at Chocques Hill.
5th		Cleaning up, routine inspections.
6th		Inspections, 1 coy on ranges.
7th-8th		2 coys on ranges, practice attacks in open warfare by platoons.  Sports in afternoon and
9th		2 coys on ranges, practice attacks in open warfare by platoons.  Tug of war and football.
10th		Bn continued practise attacks over flagged course.  Sports evenings.
11th-12th	Bn continued practise attacks; sports later.  GOC Div present.
13th		Bn moved into line for attack; relieved 1st Bn Northumberland Fusiliers in left subsection, and
		2nd Suffolks and Bn HQ shared HQs in surplus house.  All carrying for attack finished,
		everything required.
14th		Anniversary of Infantry Hill; Quiet day, our artillery registering, normal enemy shelling.  All
		officers moved forward (CO, Adjt Signals, Adjt 2nd Suffloks) to battle HQ at 10 pm.  A and D
		coys advanced under barrage at zero hour 11.45 pm, B and C in support.  Occupied our old front
15th		No reports until 2 am from walking wounded, at 4 am definite word received that both assault 
		coy commanders were killed; CSMs wounded shortly after zero hour.  Both flanks were on their
		objective and in touch with 2nd Suffolks on right and 1st Rifle Brigade on left.  2 other
		officers were killed, 3 wounded.  At 5.30 am in broad daylight platoons of support coys rushed
		the machine gun posts which had held up the centre platoons.  Several machine guns taken, with
		25 prisoners.  The whole objective was now taken.  Enemy shelling on Canal bank every hour in 
		afternoon and night, no casualties as our men were not there.  Telegraph congratulations from
		General Deverill, Comm 3rd Division and General Moreland Corps Commander.
16th		Some shelling on our old front line and Canal Bank, but no counter attack.  Dispositions
		altered during day; 2 Coys Suffolks taking over Bn front.  Bn moved into Brigade Reserve in 
		Chocques, no casualties.
17th		Quiet day cleaning up.  Corps Commander and Div General visited Bn HQ.  3 officers joined.
18th		Bn at baths, on range later.  Bn marched to Sandpit Cemetery for funeral of 4 officers killed 
		on 15th.
19th		Bn relieved 8th KORL in Battle Zone trenches running in front of and through Hinges, no 
20th		Quiet day.
21st 		Quiet day usual carrying and work parties.
22nd		Quiet day some shelling at night.
23rd		Quiet day Bn relieved 8th KORL: some shelling evening; enemy machine guns and snipers very
		active, 1 officer wounded, 2 ORs killed, 4 wounded.
24th		Bn HQ, subjected to shelling; machine gun fire on coys in front line, rifle fire, with 1 OR 
		killed and 7 ORs wounded.  7 new officers joined today and 71 ORs.
25th		Quiet day light shelling.
26th		Inter coy relief in front line, some machine gun fire.
27th		Noisy day!  24 hours intermittent shelling.
28th		Quiet day; slight enemy fire round Bn HQ.
29th		Bn relieved in front line by 2nd Suffolks and moved back into Brigade Reserve.
30th		Bn at cleaning up and baths.
1st		Bn organised in coys on range and baths, some shelling.  Sergeants Mess and Mens' Reading Room 
		set up in the Brassiere.
2nd		3 coys training, 1 on range.  At night 400 men on cable burying fatigue near Hinges back at 6
3rd		No training; Bn resting.  Football later.
4th		1 coy on range, 1 coy on training area.  Platoon football competition.  CO on leave.
5th		Bn on ceremonial parade in morning.  Relieved 8th KORL in Battle Zone, very quiet.
6th		Bn occupying lines; very hot, flies very bad.  Work on Canal Bank, Gordon line.
7th		Very quiet, work as usual, 1 casualty.
8th-9th		Very quiet.
10th		Div Commander visited the line.
11th		Very quiet.  Bn relieved 8th KORL in forward zone.
12th		Rain, work parties laying duck boards, fire positions, putting out wire.
13th		Usual work.  1 Casualty.
14th		Shelling day and night, machine gun fire; 1 officer killed on patrol, 7 ORs wounded during
		carrying parties from support to front line.
15th-16th	Quiet; usual work.
17th		Relieved by 2nd Suffolks.
18th		Clearing up; Bn paid out, 2 coys baths.
19th		2 coys on ranges; 2 coys baths.  Sports day.   Football, played 20th KRRC, lost 2-1.  Concert 
		in Brassiere in evening.
20th		Reveille at 4.30 am, Bn on cable laying fatigue.  Officers and men on tactical exercise in
		manning trenches, 6-9 pm, east of Youdin and Oblingham.
21st		Church parade, enemy shelling, long range over Chocques and San Savour.  War Savings 
		Certificates campaign begun.
22nd		Bn marched to tracer bullet demonstration.  Some shelling afternoon.  2 ORs wounded.
23rd		Heavy rain all day.  Parade cancelled.  Bn left Brigade Reserve relieved 8th KORL at Battle 
		zone.  War Savings Certificate campaign ended.
24th-29th	Savings Certificates set new record, 2059 sold.  Normal tour over recent 5 days, some shelling
		work on Gordon line and Canal Bank.  2 platoons carrying each night for the front line Bns.
		Relieved 8th KORL forward zone, nil casualties.
30th		Front line much as before, very dirty.
31st		Some shelling of Park Lane and Bn HQ during night: 1 OR wounded.
1st-4th		Bn under heavy shelling; very heavy rain.  La Banoriere and Chocques shelled, light shelling of 
		front line.  Heavy snow.  Back areas shelled.
5th		Quiet day.
6th		Bn relieved by the Wiltshires, moved back to embussing point at Chocques, served hot meal at 4
7th		Bn at Lieres 6 am, billeted in barns, very comfortable; paid out in evening.
8th		2 coys at baths, 2 at ranges.
9th		2 coys at baths, 2 at ranges.  Army commander visited in evening.  Sports in afternoon.
10th		All coys at training.  Bn paraded and marched to main road between Ferfay and Bellery, saw HM 
		The King pass in car.  Cheers lustily.
11th		Church parade.  Div Commander present.  Boxing competition
12th		Bn training morning; marched to Ferfay where XIII Corps Sports day held.  Bn Tug-of-War took
		2nd Place.
13th		4 coys at training; Bn visited by Corps Commander and Brigadier General.  CO inspected Mobile 
		Reserve and Transport loaded up ready to move to Sus-st-Leger. 
14th		Bn marched to Permes, train to Sus-st-Leger.  Great search for billets, Bn in GHQ reserve under 
		24 hours notice.
15th		Corps parade, platoon training, sports, football.
16th		Corps parade, platoon training, sports, football.  Bn paid out Div General visited.
17th		Bn at billets and training, rounders match between officers and 2nd Suffolks.
18th		Church parade.  Div Commander presented medal ribbons; sports in afternoon.  Div band played.
19th		Bn ready to move, marched to Berles-au-Bois arriving at midnight.
20th		Bn lay out in orchards all day, paraded ready to move off at 10 pm, proceeded to assembly 
		position behind Ayette.  Bn at zero hour 4.50 am, moved forward through dense mist for a mile,
		thereafter splitting into artillery formations.  Difficulty in seeing more than 100 yards; Bn 
		reached most of Courcelles but Railway not taken.
21st		Failure to take objectives, heavy casualties.  Bn withdrawn after dark to Blue Line; rested all 
22nd		Bn rested; Major Pearson took command; moved up after dark with remainder of Brigade for
		assembly positions for attack on Gourniecourt next morning.  Bn was to guard Right Flank of 
		attack by the other Bns of the Brigade as the taking of Gourniecourt above would make a
		pronounced salient in our line.  Enemy had ME in assembly position and this had to be dislodged 
		before the assembly.
23rd		Attack began and the two right flank coys met some opposition on Railway Embankment, half way 
		to the objective.  Considerable MG fire forced them to dig in on the flank thus saving a large
		number of casualties.  The 2nd Division went through at 11 am, relieved the pressure - at 4 pm
		Bn moved forward to South East of Gourniecourt and dug in for night.
Ayette area
24th		Bn rested all day, movements restricted because in view of the enemy at Bahagnies and Sapiqnies 
		about 1 mile in front.  Bn later withdrawn at 8.30 pm to the Purple Line west of Douchy.
25th		Bn rested all day - heavy rain.
26th		Fine day; Bn moved in the evening to trenches in front of Hamlincourt.
27th		Enemy shelled intermittently.
28th		Bn moved forward at night and relieved the 2nd Grenadiers in the front line SW of Ecoust.
29th		Bn patrols out to keep in touch with enemy, one platoon of the left coy advanced too far and
		was practically wiped out by MG fire from the flank.  Bn co-operated with the 8th West Yorks 
		(62 Div), but the operation planned did not take place.
30th		Bn advanced with the 2nd Suffolks who took Ecoust on our left, but because of a heavy attack
		our left coy was left in the air and suffered heavy casualties.  On the right the Bn reached
		its objective with few casualties and dug in to consolidate the position.  The Brigade was
		relieved at night except the Bn and 1 coy of 8th KORL who came under the orders of the 9th 
31st		Brigade attacked on a 3 Bn front in the morning, Ecoust was retaken.  Bn reached objective, dug 
		in; the adjutant Captain Gammell MC was killed.
1st		9th and 76th Infantry Brigade took objective, the 8th KORL achieved this before daylight 
		without barrage.  Patrols found Noreuil strongly defended, much sniping and shelling - Bn HQ
		moved forward to Ecoust - Mory road.
2nd		8th Brigade passed Bn at 5.30 am.  Quiet, no shelling.  1st Scots Guards moved in behind Bn at 
		dusk.  Captain Gammell buried in cemetery at Douchy les-Ayette.
3rd		Bn withdrawn at 1 am, marched to rest trenches at Moyenville and Ayette, arriving 5 am.  Rested 
		and paid in afternoon.  Fine and warm.
4th		Baths at Boiry-st-Martin.  2/Lt D Kennedy buried at Douchy les-Ayette in afternoon.  Bn rested.
5th 		Coys practised compass marching and extended order in forenoon.  Major Pearson presented 
		gallantry cards.  Lt Col The Hon W Fraser DSO MC took over Bn.
6th		Bn moved to Gaudiempre morning.  Half for diner 2-4 pm.  Billets at 6.45 pm.
7th		Bn cleaned up and improved billets.  Brigadier General Burnett DSO visited Bn.
9th		Inspection 7,30 am.  Extensive training.
10th 		Bn inspections; extensive training; drills, lectures; musketry at 2 pm.
11th		Parade at 7.30 am.  Bn marched to Adinfer Wood at 2 pm, reached trenches at 5 pm.  Draft of 51
		ORs arrived - all out for first time.
12th		Bn moved at 10 am.  Rain, arrived 1 pm.  Billets comfortable.  Bn Paid out.
13th-14th	Bn inspections, demonstrations of movement with tanks, general training.  114 ORs all under 19, 
		from 52nd Grading Bn, arrived.
15th		Church Parade.  Bn moved to Fremicourt at 2.30 pm.  Poor billets.  Some bombing.  1 enemy
		aircraft brought down.
16th		Bn moved to sunken road at Beaumetz-les-Cambrai at 8.30 am.  Poor shelters.  Timber and iron
		used to improve them.  Bn soaked by heavy rain.
17th		Bn engaged in extensive training.
18th		Bn practised attacks, arms handling, wire cutting; lectures by CO.
19th/		Bn on tactical exercises; awards parade; extensive attacks practised; helmets painted.
25th		Bn continued extensive practise, model of ground to be attacked inspected.  New draft of 
		officers arrived.
26th		Reveille at 7.30 am.  CO addressed each coy.  Bn rested 2-5 pm.  Evening at assembly trenches.
Front line
near Flesquieres
27th		Bn attacked, after heavy barrage by our artillery at 5.20 am, going forward at 6 am with the 
		8th KORL (76th Brigade), some difficulty at the start owing to the inexperience of the young
		platoon commander but pressed on ahead, leading companies suffered considerable loss.  Enemy 
		resistance was strong at this stage, but 62nd Div passed through but halted 1000 yards short of
		the main objective.  Thereafter, the Bn rested at Havrincourt Chateau.
28th-29th	For 2 days, poor accommodation.
30th		Bn reorganised in forenoon.  CSM Rollo DCM MM buried in cemetery N of Havrincourt.  Bn moved to
		trenches at Ribecourt at 5.30 pm.  Orders received at 11 pm to attack Rumilly and marched off
		at 1.30 am.
1st		Bn at assembly points beyond canal with 2nd Suffolks.  Attacked west of Rumilly continued
		successfully, and objectives taken.  Elsewhere the attack was renewed and consolidated.
2nd-7th		Bn occupied trenches and rested; reorganising as far as possible.  Draft of 20 ORs sent to each
		coy.  Relieved the 2nd Suffolks East of Rumilly.  Little enemy activity.
8th		Advance of the VI Corps resumed 4.30 am.  3rd Div on right, 2nd on left; Bn stood by till
		afternoon.  Attack in trouble.  The 9th Brigade called upon Bn CO to take position at La
		Targette and attack at 6 pm.  This was successful and the objective reached, and next morning
		the Guards Division passed through.
9th		Enemy began to retire.  Tactics were designed to halt the British advance by a multitude of 
		machine gun posts but the rear guards usually retired.  The retreat was 12 miles.  Enemy 
		brought in fresh divisions and artillery.
10th		Bn rested, cleaning up trenches.
11th-12th	Awards for gallantry announced, lessons in Lewis gun arranged.  Baths organised.
13th		Inspections of rifles by armourer.  Box respirators inspected.  Drafts of officers and men 
		arrived.  Clean clothing issued.  Leather jerkins issued.  Bn marched off and reached Marcoine
		at 12.30.  Poor billets.
14th-15th	CO inspections.  Gallantry cards issued.  Training programmes followed.  Large draft.
16th		Routine duties, inspections, wet weather.  Training on lewis Gun, musketry, lectures.  Some 
17th-18th	Bn on routine duties; inspections and training.
19th		Bn moved to Cattenieres at 2 pm, good billets.
20th		Bn moved to Quievy at 11 am.  Rum ration was issued after the rain during the long march Co
		complimented men.
21st		Bn on 2 hours notice to move.  Cleaned up and coys training. CO lecture on 'open warfare'.
22nd		Bn on routine duties.  All ammunition was made up.  Bn moved to Solesmes, arrived at 5 pm.
		Good billets.  Assembly positions for following morning were inspected.
23rd-24th	Bn attacked and took Romeries.  Took over billets at 9.00 am.
25th		Bn remained in Romeries, reorganising.
26th		Bn moved to Escarmain took over billets from 2nd RSF 8th Brigade.
27th		Bn on routine duties.  Moved to Ruesnes.  2 casualties, shellfire.
28th		Bn in posts on main front.  Heavy gas shelling during night.
29th		Quiet day.  Bn relieved by 52nd Light Infantry at 4 pm moved to St Python.  Hot meal on
		arrival.  Captain Lee DSO MC wounded during relief.
St Python
30th		Reveille and routine duties.  Bn paid out.
31st		Bn at baths, issue of clean clothing.  Took over billets at Carnieres from 1st Irish Guards.
1st-2nd		Bn on reveille; Inspections, iron rations at 7.45 am breakfast at 8 am.  Training routines 
		followed; Baths for 'D' coy and clothing change, musketry exercises, rapid loading, aiming and
		firing, lecture and drill.
3rd		Bn moved to Quievy at 6 pm arrived at billets at 6 pm, very wet conditions.  Billets good, hot 
		meal at 19.30 rum ration at 20.30.  Officers posted to coys.
4th		Bn moved in fighting order to Romeries.
5th		Later moved to Orsinval.  Very wet.
6th		Inspections.  All parades cancelled, very wet conditions.  Lectures, Lewis gun classes.
7th		Company inspections; warning order from Brigade prepare to move.  Lecture by CO on 'Open
8th		Bn moved to Gommegnies, occupied billets in civilian houses.
9th		Reveille at 7 am.  Bn moved to Le Grand Sart, billets required for Corps; arriving at 10 am,
		training by corps.  Worked on cleaning roads.
Le Grand Sart
10th		Bn moved to Longueville, billets taken over from 2nd Scots Guards, barns mainly.
11th		Bn received news of Armistice!!
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